Whether you have a little puppy or a canine senior, it’s always important to choose the dog food correctly.
High quality food affects the quality of life of your dog. Follow these simple four rules to start the search for the ideal food for your four-legged friend. And we’re talking not just about dry food, you should apply them even if you’re thinking about raw dog food, cans, cooked…
So how to choose the correct dog food?
These are the basic aspects to consider:
1. Breed size
Dog food is not “universal size”. A mastiff needs other food components than a chihuahua. When it comes to dry food, small breeds need smaller pieces. And no matter the dog food consistency, with large breeds you have to watch their intake of protein and fat (which should be higher in percentage than that of the small breeds). Also, the food for large dogs should contain everything the dogs need for the correct development of bones and articulations as their bone structure has to carry a much larger and heavier body.
Your dog might have dietary restrictions, allergies or just not feel well after eating food of a certain brand. Whenever you notice any warning signs like hair loss, itching, smelly breath, vomiting or other, you should consult them with a vet. Correct diet might solve many problems.
Your dog shouldn’t eat the same thing the whole life. Puppies in growth need nourishment that helps them grow up healthy, adult and old dogs need quality dog food that makes them stay healthy and ideally not have any overweight.
Activity has to do with the age as well as with the breed. Dogs who are more active need food with high calorie and fat content. And, on the contrary, dogs who are more on the lazy side need food that won’t make them overweight (and you have to watch the rations).
Once you have taken these four rules in consideration, you can start thinking about the best type of food for your dog.
TIP: If you’re buying dry food, always read the table if content! The animal content (meat) should always be higher than the vegetable content. The package should clearly state whether the meat used is fresh or dehydrated and it should be real meat, no by-products of the meat processing. In case of meat meal the exact type should be indicated (fish, chicken, duck…). The carbohydrates also should be clearly stated, so look for the type – oats, rice… – just “cereal” is not enough. Same goes for fat – you want to see what animal it comes from. And last but not least, fruit and vegetables are also a welcome ingredient of dry dog food as it is the source of fibre and vitamins.