36 Wild Dog Species List

wild dog

What is a wild dog? There’s no one type of wild dog to portray this group from the Canidae family although some are certainly better known than others.

Some people even imagine stray dogs but this article isn’t about them as you can find more info in our article Street Dog Facts from All Around the World.

When people talk about wild dogs, they usually imagine wolves, hyenas, coyotes, maybe even Dingos or some types of the aforementioned that are quite well known, such as the African Wild Dog. There are close to 40 types of wild dogs, let’s have a look at them:

Wild Dog List

These are the wild dog species:

1. Arctic Fox (Vulpes lagopus)

Location: Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere

2. African Wolf (Canis lupaster)

Location:  North Africa, West Africa, the Sahel, northern East Africa, the Horn of Africa

3. African Wild Dog (African Hunting Dog / African Painted Dog) (Lycaon pictus)

Location: sub-Saharan Africa

4. Bat-Eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis)

Location: African savanna

5. Bengal Fox (Vulpes bengalensis)

Location: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

6. Black-Backed Jackal (Canis mesomelas)

Location: eastern and southern Africa

7. Blanford’s Fox (Vulpes cana)

Location: Middle East and Central Asia

8. Bush Dog (Speothos venaticus)

Location: Central and South America.

9. Cape Fox (Vulpes chama)

Location: southern Africa

10. Corsac Fox (Vulpes corsac)

Location: Central Asia

11. Coyote (Canis latrans)

Location: North America

12. Crab-Eating Fox (Wood Fox, Bushdog) (Cerdocyon thous)

Location: cental part of South America

13. Culpeo (Andean Wolf) (Lycalopex culpaeus)

Location: South America

14. Darwin’s Fox (Zorro Chilote) (Lycalopex fulvipes)

Location: Chile

15. Dhole (Whistling Dog) (Cuon alpinus / Canis alpinus)

Location: Central, South, East and Southeast Asia

16. Dingo (Canis lupus dingo)

Location: Australia

17. Ethiopian Wolf (Simien Jackal) (Canis simensis)

Location: Ethiopia

18. Fennec Fox (Vulpes zerda)

Location: North Africa

19. Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)

Location:  Eastern Europe, Southwest Asia, South Asia

20. Grey Fox (Gray Fox) (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)

Location: North and Central America

21. Hoary Fox (Lycalopex vetulus)

Location: Brasil

22. Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis)

Location: Channel Islands of California

23. Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis)

Location: southwestern United States, northern and central Mexico

24. Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)

Location: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay

25. Pale Fox (Vulpes pallida)

Location: the Sahel

26. Pampas Fox (Aguará Chaí) (Lycalopex gymnocercus)

Location: South America

27. Patagonian Fox (South American Gray Fox) (Lycalopex griseus)

Location: Southern part of South America

28. Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)

Location: East Asia, northern Vietnam

29. Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Location: Northern Hemisphere including most of North America, Europe and Asia, parts of North Africa

30. Red Wolf (Canis rufus)

Location: southeastern United States

31. Rüppell’s Fox (Vulpes rueppelli)

Location: North Africa, the Middle East, and southwestern Asia

32. Sechuran Fox (Peruvian Desert Fox) (Lycalopex sechurae)

Location: Northwestern Peru

33. Short-Eared Dog (Atelocynus microtis)

Location: South America (Amazonian basin)

34. Side-Striped Jackal (Canis adustus)

Location: Central and southern Africa

34. Swift Fox (Vulpes velox)

Location: North America

35. Tibetan Sand Fox (Vulpes ferrilata)

Location:  Tibetan Plateau, Ladakh plateau, Nepal, China, Sikkim, Bhutan

36. Wolf (Grey Wolf, Gray Wolf) (Canis lupus)

Location: Eurasia and North America